Scruparia Oken, 1815

Type species: Sertularia chelata Linnaeus, 1758

Description: Colony composed of chains of zooids, either adnate or rising from the substrate, and branching from the frontal or lateral surface of zooids. Zooids are smooth, imperforate and thinly calcified, expanding from a thin proximal tube to a distal part which includes an oval frontal membrane. Avicularia absent. Brood chambers are distinct bivalved chambers, terminal to the distinctive maternal zooids, which are in turn budded frontally from an ordinary zooid. Several embryos may develop simultaneously within the brood chamber. (partly from Hayward & Ryland, 1998)

Most records of Scruparia are from shallow-water or midshelf, but it can occur at greater depths.

This genus includes the species:

  1. Scruparia ambigua
  2. (d'Orbigny 1841) Recent Cosmopolitan WoRMS 111539
  3. Scruparia chelata
  4. (Linnaeus 1758) Recent Europe, North Atlantic WoRMS 111540
  5. Scruparia spiralis
  6. Hasenbank, 1932 Recent Indian Ocean WoRMS 470395
Scruparia ambigua
Scruparia ambigua

Scruparia ambigua - from San Francisco, at the California Academy of Sciences.

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Edited by Phil Bock
Modified on 29th October 2000
Modified on 5/11/2017 (Added S. spiralis)
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